Andrew Jackson Essay Introduction

Andrew Jackson is the President of the democratic breakthrough. In the political consciousness of Americans Andrew Jackson remained as the “people’s President”. My essay on Andrew Jackson is about the life of this deeply respected man.

Future seventh President of the United States was born on March 15, 1767, in the little village of South Carolina. His father was an Irishman and two years before Andrew’s birth moved with his wife Elizabeth Hutchinson and two sons to South Carolina and bought land there. Father died shortly before the birth of the youngest son. As little Andrew had to become a priest. So, he unlike his brothers was privileged to obtain in the subsequent time an education of the elementary school, which several years later was interrupted by the war for independence. Andrew and his older brother Robert went to the front and in one of the battles with the British they were captured. And both of them suffered serious head injuries. This wound became the cause of Robert's death a few months later. In the spring of 1781 Andrew was released from captivity. A few weeks later his mother dies. So tragically began the life of Andrew Jackson, who in the first 15 years of his life lost everything. You can read on our website essay about war. If you don’t have time to write essays, then just write to paper writers and they will do it for you. Also, our service has enough material on the different topic to create the best paper.

Perhaps these cruel changes that happened to him, forced him to radically change his life. He moved to Salisbury, which was in North Carolina, in order to study low in one of the most prestigious educational institutions. He has been studying there in 1784-1787. The result was the appointment of Andrew to the post of district attorney in the territory which was later called Tennessee. In 1788 he settled in the village of Nashville. That time it was almost uninhabited wild area.

Andrew Jackson married in 1791 with Rachel Donelson. At that time their family was one of the first in Tennessee. Success in the personal life was accompanied by Jackson's lawyer activity. He became the influential and wealthy planter. He did well in the public sphere also.

In 1796 he became a delegate of the constitutional Convention of the state. After Tennessee was admitted to the Union he went to Washington, to Congress, as the first Deputy of this state. Later in 1797 he became one of two senators of Tennessee. But then, not having received the mandate, he resigned and became a judge in the Supreme court of his state, having served in that position until 1804.

Political and military activity in Tennessee and Florida

In 1788, Jackson was appointed a public Prosecutor for the territory of Tennessee. When it joined the number of States, Jackson participated in the drafting of the fundamental laws of the new state (1796), and then was its representative in Congress. Abandoning public life he has hosted on his farm when England declared the war. Tennessee State entrusted him the command of the police, with the rank of major-general in 1812. As the head of 2,500 people, Jackson went down the Mississippi, defeated the Indians who were supported by the Spaniards and who ravaged the country and drove them to Florida. When the British threatened to New Orleans, Jackson obtained from Congress the command over the army and defeated enemies (8 January 1815). In 1821 Jackson was the first Governor of Florida that was ceded by Spanish.

On the US presidential election in 1824, Jackson received the relative majority of both voters and electors, but has not received an absolute majority. That is why the President (the only case in the history) was selected by the House of Representatives and it was not Jackson, but John Quincy Adams.

The presidency

The next point of Andrew Jackson essay is his presidency. In 1828, after the expiration of Adams, Jackson again ran for President of the United States and was elected. His reign was the triumph of the Democratic Party, whose leader was Jackson.

Jackson was a particular supporter of the eviction of the Indians and got the help of the population of the southern States, which claimed to the lands of the 5 Civilized Tribes. In 1830 Jackson signed the removal act to legitimize the people's cleansing of the area that was inhabited by Indians. As a result, Five Civilized Tribes were relocated in the so-called Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), many died on the road and at new locations due to different climatic conditions and because of the lack of the usual food sources.

Unfortunately, the new President had to “pay” a lot for the victory. Jackson's wife died before they could move to Washington. Andrew Jackson was elected as US President and holding that status for two terms until 1837. The results of the election campaign of 1833 were even more unequivocal than in the victory of 1828. Jackson received more votes than his rival Henry Clay. In foreign policy, Jackson managed to maintain friendly relations with Great Britain. By his activities, he attempted to minimize state intervention in the economy and politics.

Andrew called his victory a victory of democracy and of the people. Historians and politicians have called the presidency of Jackson- the age of the ordinary man. Some people think that Jackson was insecure President. But it was not so. Yes, he preferred meeting in a narrow circle of confidants. But he has never been lacking in political commitment. President Jackson advocated the democratization of the electoral system, the legalization of workers ' organizations, but was opposed to the liberation of the slaves. When South Carolina refused to implement approved taxes for the federal level, Jackson received from Congress authority to use military force to suppress the resistance by sending Federal troops to South Carolina.

Jackson on the money

In different Andrew Jackson essays, there is written that Andrew Jackson is depicted on the modern American banknote of 20 dollars. But not everyone knows that in the past his picture adorned the bills of other various denominations: 5, 10, 50 and 10,000 dollars and bills of the southern Confederacy during the Civil war in denominations of $ 1,000.

Almost all political steps and innovations of President Andrew Jackson were supported by the American society. Despite mistakes and miscalculations in his policy, he left a mark in American history as President who strengthened the state and preserved the unity of the country.

Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States, is perhaps more relevant today than most of the other Presidents of the early nineteenth century. In the wake of the contested election of 2000 and amid growing complaints of the "dirtiness" of politics, we might do well to look back to Jackson's dirty and hotly contested race for the Presidency in 1824, in which he won the popular vote but subsequently lost the Presidency after the election was thrown into the House of Representatives. When Jackson was finally elected, he pushed to have the Electoral College abolished and railed against life tenure for government workers. Throughout his life, Jackson was criticized for his steadfast opinions and autocratic manner, but he nonetheless proved himself a savvy and thoughtful politician. It was only after he had fully considered his options that he made a decision–once that decision had been made, however, he pursued it relentlessly, gradually grinding away at his opponents until he got what he needed. In doing so, he helped modernize the nation and forever define his term of office as the mini-Enlightenment now known as Jacksonian America.

Andrew Jackson, son of Irish immigrants, Andrew and Elizabeth Jackson, was born in the backwoods of the Carolinas–what was then considered the frontier of America. His father died shortly before Andrew's birth and his mother tried to raise him to be educated. Jackson resisted, and without a father figure, he became a wild young boy who liked to bully his peers.

The Revolutionary War affected the teenage Jackson in an intensely personal way, leaving him forever bitter towards the British. When the war came to his area, his oldest brother, Hugh, volunteered to fight and died soon thereafter during the Battle of Stono Ferry. Jackson worked as an errand boy for the commander of the local patriot regiment, but nothing could have prepared him for the ordeal of being taken captive by British troops along with his other brother, Robert. After both were severely wounded by the sword of a British officer, Jackson and his brother were herded into a prisoner-of-war camp where they contracted smallpox. This stint as a captive would cost Jackson's brother his life. Jackson's only remaining relative, his mother, died of cholera while helping soldiers in Charleston. Thus, when the war ended, it left Jackson orphaned and alone.

As Jackson grew older, he became engaged in a wild lifestyle of betting, horseracing and partying before eventually settling on law for a career. He traveled west into the new Tennessee territory. After establishing himself as an able politician there, he rose quickly through the political ranks. When Tennessee joined the Union in 1796, Jackson became a Congressman and was promoted to the Senate a year later. He soon found himself engaged in military affairs, and won the election to be Major General of the state militia in 1802. Throughout his time in Tennessee, he engaged in various duels when he felt someone had threatened his honor–even killing a man once.

When the War of 1812 began, it fell to Jackson to crush the Creek Indian tribe in a series of brutal battles in which the general gave no quarter to the Indians. Once the tribe had been almost extinguished, Jackson imposed a harsh treaty on the Indians, stripping them of most of their lands and rights. Then he was ordered to help save the city of New Orleans from attack. His daring defense of the city exacted massive casualties on the British and made him a national hero. However, the autocratic manner in which he led the defense angered many citizens and led a New Orleans court to fine him $1,000 for contempt.

Two years later, Jackson–now a major general in the U.S. Army–received orders to put down Indian attacks near Spanish Florida. His invasion of Spanish territory and his execution of two British nationals sparked an international incident–but he again successfully defeated the Indians. President James Monroe appointed Jackson governor of Florida after it was bought from the Spanish, but Jackson resigned after only a few months to seek the Presidency.

The elections of 1824 and 1828 stand as some of the dirtiest campaigns ever waged for the Presidency. Jackson won the popular vote handily in 1824, but, after failing to win a majority of the electoral vote, lost the Presidency in a runoff in the House of Representatives. Jackson quickly turned his attention to 1828 and won a solid victory in that year.

Jackson's Presidency was marked by four major issues: The Second Bank of the United States, the Tariff of 1828, the Nullification Crisis, and Indian Removal. Jackson signed over ninety treaties with Indian tribes and moved them all west of the Mississippi–killing thousands in the process. The Nullification Crisis arose after Vice President John C. Calhoun furthered the idea that a state could refuse to obey a federal law, "nullify it," if that state wanted to. South Carolina voted to nullify the Tariff of 1828, and for a while it looked like the nation might go to war with South Carolina, as Jackson massed military forces on the state's borders. However, Jackson's shrewd handling of the situation and strong appeals to the American people prevented a disaster and killed the nullification movement.

Jackson spent much of his eight years as President trying to destroy the national Bank, which had been chartered by Congress in 1816 as a national center for fiscal policy. Jackson felt that the Bank was an unfair monopoly and that it abused or might abuse its significant power–a power that had partly caused the disastrous Panic of 1819. Jackson went to great lengths to destroy the Bank, a crusade that almost cost him the presidency in 1834 and earned him an official censure by the Senate. Nonetheless, by 1837, he had killed the Bank. As part of his lifelong distrust of credit, he retired the nation's debt to boot.

Jackson left office in 1839 wildly popular. His appeal rose from his backwoods past: he appeared to be an "everyman" who had risen to the nation's highest office. Furthermore, time and again he had shown that he would not be bullied, by the Senate or by foreign governments. When Jackson endorsed Martin Van Buren to succeed him as president, Van Buren won overwhelmingly. Jackson, meanwhile, retired to his family plantation in Tennessee, the Hermitage, where he died at age seventy-eight.

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