SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN MALAYSIA
Malaysia is categorized as third world country and has received rapid growth in socioeconomic and advance technologies. The globalization makes the world become smaller and all the information could be obtained easily by clicking on the computers. World without any barriers allows cultures from other countries influence the Malaysian especially the youths. There are good and bad cultures. The social problems emerged due to bad cultures from other countries. Cultures which we do not feed into our own cultural and religious values. Most young generations cannot identify and analyze what are the good and bad things. It could eliminate the moral values in each young generation.There are several factors which trigger this phenomenon. Most people blame the parents who are not giving their children full attention. As a mother and father, we are responsible to teach our children how to prevent themselves from being involved in social problems such as smoking, sex before marriage, vandalism, bullying and other negative actions. Nowadays, the parents are going out early in the morning to go to work and reach home at midnight. They do not have sufficient time with the children. So, who will teach them to be good girls and boys? Who will tell them what are good and bad actions and what the effects are if they are doing the bad things?Most of the youth fulfill their free time watching television, playing play station games, surfing internet, learning and trying to use a new handset, listening to music in digital MP3 player and so on. They are fast leaner and expertise in using modern technologies. The technologies are suppose to make our life better and help us to finish our work on time. However, the technologies are also giving the negative impacts if the users abuse the technologies. They are straying from the actual uses of the technologies. For example; Internet is used to find a lot of beneficial information to add to our knowledge in various things. Using internet allows us to obtain all the information without limitation. However, we also can search unnecessary websites such as pornography sites, heavy metal music sites, sex sites, black metal sites and so on. Those websites are trying to influence our youth to be rebellious teenagers!There are several problems that is common in Malaysia that I will explain in this article.
First and foremost, I would like to elaborate about prostitution.In definition, prostitution is derived from the Latin "pro-stituere" / "pro-stauree", which means allowing ourselves commit adultery, do whoredom, fornication.Prostitution is a "profession" of very old age, as old as human life itself. Namely in the form of uninhibited behavior without control and obscene, sexual appetite due to impingement with the opposite sex without knowing the limits of decency.Apparently, in times past that prostitution has a connection with the worship of gods and certain religious ceremonies. Prostitution is not only tolerated, but also there are religious practices that lead to sin and lewd behavior is not different from prostitution. Prostitution is always there in all civilized countries, since time immemorial. And always be a social problem, or becomes the object of legal affairs and tradition. Further, with technological developments, industrial and human culture, prostitution is also co-evolved in various forms and levels.This is what most of the westerners think about prostitution.In the other hand,inIslam,prostitution is a form of social ills that are difficult to stop its spread.The flourishing of prostitution in Muslim countries is a paradox that we often overlook as a problem of our ummah. As prostitution is condemned and forbidden in Islam, and these women, to an extent, are marginalized and invisible in our community, many of us are not aware of the magnitude and realities of this problem. We do not consider them as a cause worth fighting for as we do for the betterment of the poor, abused, homeless, oppressed and ailing. To make matters worse, misinformation is widespread and the voices of former prostitution victims are systematically silenced.Among the factors contributing to the widespread practice of prostitution among Muslim countries such as Malaysia itself include the denial of the existence of such problems in our community,spreading of the truth impedes men’s comfort and pleasure in using women,hindrance of profitability of the industry, especially for those players who are politically connected,prostitution is too horrible of a practice, a highly stigmatized taboo subject, that people would rather not hear details about. While we criminalize them for living in adultery, spreading diseases, disrupting family institutions, and giving birth to innocent, illegitimate children who suffer for having dishonorable mothers, we fail to see the other spectrum of the consequences of prostitution. The consequences are not only devastating to the society, but also to the prostitute herself as a person. It completely destroys her already shattered life, being reduced down to a depersonalized, sexual object. She develops a personality where she is unable to develop trust in relationships and slowly numbs herself, to the point where she loses the ability to feign attachments to anyone or anything. In order to survive this overwhelming, daily ordeal, she dissociates from her real self, originally as a defense mechanism; sadly, it reaches to the point of complete shut down, where she is stripped of her identity, and over time, she disappears.
Secondly,I would like to elaborate more about drug abuse in Malaysia.Malaysia often claims to be a well-developed Muslim country, with its skycrapers and well-organised city gracing postcards and tourist brochures. Some of this is not propaganda: of Muslim countries, it is the most developed in terms of standard of living and health, and to a certain extent has had a home-grown industrialisation not matched by any other Muslim-governed nation-state. Yet it has its share of the problems that come with Western-style development. One of its most serious problems — indeed, a crisis — is drug-abuse among its young people, mostly aged between 15 and 39.When, in February last year, the Malaysian government hosted the non-aligned movement (NAM) summit in Kuala Lumpur, a silent war had just been fought. Hundreds of drug-addicts were rounded up and temporarily ‘quarantined’ in a huge disused prison-complex in the capital. After the NAM summit, little is known about what happened to the addicts, who are mostly in their twenties, and most whom are Malay Muslims (who comprise just over 60 percent of this southeast Asian Muslim country).A report from the official National Drug Agency (NDA) has revealed that a total of 26,739 addicts—13,321 first-time addicts and another 13,418 ‘relapsed’ addicts — were registered with official agencies nationwide during the first six months of this year. In a country of just over 20 million, the figure is appalling, and means almost 4,500 addicts every month. What is even more worrying for Muslims is the report’s observation that 66 percent of these are Malay Muslims. This trend continues the usual annual increase of new addicts: the total number of reported new addicts last year was 36,996 or an average of 3,083 a month; two years earlier, in 2001, the figure was 31,556, or 2,629 per month.
Malaysia has some of the world’s most stringent laws against drug-trafficking and abuse. Yet the death penalty, which is routinely carried out on traffickers, does not seem to act as a deterrent: more drugs are available and the number of addicts goes on rising. In 1996 the government admitted its failure in the battle, despite the enormous budget allocated to fight drugs. As much as 90 percent of drug-addicts going through ‘rehabilitation’ centres relapse upon release, and almost half return to these centres. The centres are ill-equipped to deal with the problem, and many condemn the military-style ‘rehabilitation’ process for making things worse, making addicts ‘obsolete’ as human beings.
Thirdly,I’m going to discuss about vandalism.Vandalism nowadays has posed a major threat to our social fabric and well-being of the people.Hardly a week passes without reports in the media about some form of vandalism being committed on public telephones, street lighting, public parks, or housing flats.In many local authority areas, even manhole covers and aluminiumsignages are not spared.This wanton destruction of public property is a stark reminder to the authorities that more effective action must be taken to tackle vandalism in our midst.Local authorities have to spend millions of ringgit annually to repair public amenities and property that had been vandalised.Acts of vandalism abound in every nook and corner of the country. Public phones, garbage bins, lifts, parking meters, bus shelters, public signboards and public toilets are targets.Though vandalism in Malaysia is not as severe as in many countries in the West, the quantum of damage renders it a serious problem that must be tackled effectively.According to psychiatrists, there are several categories of vandals, which include teenagers who are influenced by negative peer pressure, graffiti crawlers who leave messages in public and private property, frustrated groups who vandalise to vent their anger, drug addicts who vandalise to remove items for sale, and habitual offenders.It is recognised that vandalism must be tackled via education, inculcation of good values, social responsibility, and civic consciousness.However, education alone is not sufficient; it must be backed up by stringent legislation and strong enforcement.Vandalism by-laws enforced by the various local authorities are inadequate to rid the nation of this problem.There is a need for a new federal legislation to deal with this problem through compulsory community service to shame the culprits, as well as provision to cane habitual offenders.The time has come for a Vandalism Act to be introduced to allow heavier fines and compulsory community service. This can be done now that Article 6 of the Federal Constitution, which prohibits forced labour, was amended several years ago.
Fourthly,its about baby dumping.Literally,baby dumping is a social crisis and has a chronic increase as many cases are occurring in Malaysian society. The baby dumping refers to discarding or leaving alone, for an extended period of time, a child younger than 12 months of age in a public or private setting with the intent to dispose of the child. Based on Bukit Aman Police Headquarters statistics found a total of 580 babies were found dumped between year 2000 to 2006. This number of cases increase every year where as much as 65 baby dumping cases has increased to 83 cases in the year 2006. In the first 5 months, almost everyday there are reports on dumped baby cases.You read it on the front page of the newspaper or see it on the nightly news...a newborn baby found in a back alley. This scenario had been more serious from day to day although there are a lot about this in the mass media.Mostly,among teenagers always seen to be involved in this situation. Teenage parents give birth in a motel room and leave the child for dead in a dumpster. A girl gives birth in a school bathroom at night, throws the baby into the garbage or in the toilet.These stories relate to one of the most frightening realities of our culture today: some children are viewed as problems to be thrown away rather than gifts to be treasured. More recently, the tragedy of Baby Dumping has begun to be addressed by state legislatures throughout the nation. For example, a number of states have passed laws to provide funding, care, and services for dumped children. These legislative actions have also established 'safe houses' - public centers such as fire stations, police stations, and other public areas where women can bring unwanted children rather then leave them in trash receptacles. The hope is that, by offering an alternative to dumping, women might leave their children with people who can help the baby. Surprisingly, these cases have got a lot of attention from the community.Child dumping is the practice of dumping offspring outside of legal adoption.The dumped child is called a foundling or throwaway. According to a reliable statistics, one baby is dumped every week. A figure that has trebled in the past decades. Causes include many social and cultural factors as well as mental illness.One factor that leads to child dumping is teenage pregnancy. Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenage or underage girl becoming pregnant.This pregnancy of teenagers are a mere result of the gratification of sexual urges. That pregnancy might not happen only if studies were prioritized rather than having relationships with the opposite sex. No premarital sex, no early pregnancy. Worst thing about this is that it is the child that will suffer. If not aborted, they are dumped by their biological parents.Another factor is the family break-up. Family break-ups happen after a long period of misunderstandings, fighting and unhappiness. Sometimes they happen suddenly and it is hard to understand why there needs to be change at all. Children are mostly affected by this kind of situation. If both their mother and father decided to a divorce and one cannot raise their child alone, tendency is that they will dump their child. This child will become homeless and found himself alone.Poverty is also another factor that causes child dumping. Persons in cultures with poor social welfare systems who are not financially capable of taking care of a child are more likely to dump him/her. Political conditions, such as difficulty in adoption proceedings, may also contribute to child dumping, as can the lack of institutions, such as orphanages, to take in children whom their parents cannot support. Societies with strong social structures and liberal adoption laws tend to have lower rates of child dumping.Psychologists believe that even short-term dumping can damage a child’s emotional and social development. “Even short separations could have a negative effect on the child’s ability to form close relationships,” said Dr Michael Boulton, a child psychologist at the University of Keele. “Babies often form attachments with their mother before birth. They know their mother’s smell and turn to them when anxious or distressed. If they suddenly find they have gone it can be very damaging.”DrBoulton said that mothers who dump their children normally do so under desperate circumstances. “Having one’s first child is the most stressful experience someone can go through. Young mothers can be vulnerable, especially if they are alone and do not have the experience or social support to cope.”
Next,I would like to explain about bullying.Bullying can take many forms: from teasing and spreading rumours to pushing someone around and causing physical harm. It often happens in front of other people.It includes name calling, mocking, kicking, taking belongings, writing or drawing offensive graffiti, messing around with people’s belongings, gossiping, excluding people from groups, and threatening others.Children and young people are bullied for all sorts of reasons. It can be due to their race, their religion, their appearance, their sexual orientation, because they have a disability or because of their home circumstances. People are bullied for being black, white, fat, clever, gay or red-haired. These are a few examples.But people are sometimes picked on for no reason.Cyberbullying is increasingly common both inside and outside school. Cyberbullying is any form of bullying that involves the use of mobile phones or the internet. For example, sending offensive text messages and emails, circulating degrading images on the internet, or impersonating someone on social networking sites such as Facebook. Bullying makes the lives of its victims miserable. It undermines their confidence and destroys their sense of security.Bullying can cause sadness, loneliness, low self-esteem, fear, anxiety and poor concentration, and lead to self-harm, depression, suicidal thoughts and, in some cases, suicide.Bullying can also affect children and young people's attendance and progress at school.
Next social problem is bribery.Bribe is wealth earned by accomplishing a task for a party that should have been done without any compensation (whether to bring benefit to the party or to avoid harm). In some situations, bribery is similar to tips or rewards and distorted by some people who say that ‘this is not bribery, but a reward'.Bribery is clearly prohibited in the Al-Qur'an and Hadith. Allah s.w.t has mentioned in Al-Koran:
"And do not devour your property among yourselves by wrongful means, nor offer it as a bribe to judges, with intent that you may unlawfully swallow up a portion of other people's property, while you know." (Al-Baqarah:188)
It is also mentioned in a hadith of our beloved prophet Mohammed s.a.w:
"The Prophet s.a.w. has condemned the giver or receiver of bribe in decision making (ruler, management, judges etc...)"
Bribe or corruption can be defined as money, donation, loan, fee, gift, expensive collateral, properties (moveable or immovable), rights in properties or any other similar benefits.It is also about any positions, titles, designations, jobs, contracts or services, and promise for any type of job or service.Not limited by that,any payments, exemptions, settlement of loans, obligations and liabilities either in whole or in part is also accounted as bribery.There are several types of bribery.Firstly,it is about requesting/receiving bribe,offering/giving bribe,making a fake claim and the misuse of title or one’s position.The Prophet also mentioned something about bribery in his Hadith:
"Whoever that we take to do a job, and it is allocated for you a rizq (wages or rewards), then whatever that he takes after that is ghulul (betrayal)"
There are lots of negative effects in bribery.Firstly,as all Muslim knows,bribery is an easy ticket to hell.It also obliterates fairness in society,besides producing an incompetent society.Next,bribery leads to the production of a very selfish society.
Then,there is gambling in Malaysia.Gambling is illegal in Malaysia unless it is being operated under a government licence or permit. Among the gambling activities that are considered illegal include gambling in the house,gambling in public places,illegallottery,illegalbookmaking,slot machines/ jackpot/ turfking/ fruit machine,and hawking lottery results.Gambling can easily develop into a compulsion for some of us. When this happens, it becomes a serious problem not only to the individual but also to society at large. The harm caused by those who are hooked on gambling usually spreads to the family and community.Many problem gamblers often experience stress-related physical and psychological ill health. Problem gambling is like a disease to society and may bring these consequences to the individual who indulges in it including wastes time, which otherwise could be used for something more constructive.Also,they experience a lose of huge amounts of money, which leads to stress and disharmony in the family.One could become a dishonest person who has to constantly worry about debts.Besides,gambling may be a cause of bribery.Work becomes secondary or in some cases, totally neglected.As a last resort, some may Those who gamble will risk losing everything.The consequences of problem gambling can be avoided by getting involved in other more beneficial activities. Among the suggestions to prevent one from gambling is to focus on spiritual development, take up sports or a hobby, or do some charity work.Some of us resort to illegal moneylenders when we are strapped for cash, which is dangerous and unadvisable.
Adultery (also called philandery) is sexual infidelity to one's spouse, and is a form of extramarital sex. It originally referred only to sex between a woman who was married and a person other than her spouse. Even in cases of separation from one's spouse, an extramarital affair is still considered adultery.Adultery is illegal in some jurisdictions. The interaction between laws on adultery with those on rape has and does pose particular problems in societies that are especially sensitive to sexual relations by a married woman and men. The difference between the offenses is that adultery is voluntary, while rape is not.The term adultery has an Abrahamic origin, though the concept predates Judaism and is found in many other societies. The definition and consequences vary between religions, cultures, and legal jurisdictions, but the concept is similar in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Hinduism also has a similar concept. Historically, adultery has been considered to be a serious offense by many cultures. Even in jurisdictions where adultery is not itself a criminal offense, it may still have legal consequences, particularly in divorce cases. For example, where there is fault-based family law, it almost always constitutes grounds for divorce, it may be a factor to consider in a property settlement, it may affect the status of children, the custody of children, etc. Moreover, adultery can result in social ostracism in some parts of the world.InIslam,adultery is a crime not against one person but against the whole of society. It is a violation of a marital contract. 50% of all first time marriages in the USA result in divorce within two years and the main reason for divorce are the adultery of one of the partners. Adultery, which includes both pre-marital and extra marital sex, is an epidemic in this society. Nobody seems to listen to the Bible, which says frequently, "Thou shall not commit adultery." The Quranic approach is, "Do not approach adultery."Does it mean that not only is illegal sex prohibited, but also anything that leads to illegal sex is also illegal? These things include: dating, free mixing of the sexes, provocative dress, nudity, obscenity, and pornography. The dress code both for men and women is to protect them from temptation and desires by on lookers who may lose self-control and fall into sin. "Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that will make for greater purity, and God is well acquainted with all they do. And say to the believing woman that they should lower their gaze, and guard their modesty."
Gangsterismis common in a developing nation such as Malaysia and we have heard a lot about it occurring in schools. It has been reported that in developed countries, schoolchildren are increasingly involved in gangs.To curb this social ill, parents, educators and society at large should be aware of what is going on among our youths. There are various psychological and physical factors that cause a person to choose to become a gang member. As for society, they will feel insecure and threatened over this matter because they felt that the surrounding is not the safe place anymore due to the violent act of gangster. The behavior of gangster might endanger their life because at some point, gangster can turn out to be a killer and some of them also fight among each other to show their power. In addition, this kind of phenomenon also spread widely in school.In addition, it had come to the stage where school compound cannot be considered as a safe place anymore due to the gangsterism activities that take place in school area. Middleton-Moz and Zawadski (2002) argue that our own lack of awareness often causes us to be both deaf and blind to the pain experienced by our nation’s youth and, as a result, our young people too often become the prisoners of their sadness and depression, seeing little possibility for change and no way. Therefore, it show that our own lack of concern over what had happened make the matter of gangsterism getting worst until the victim of gangsterism are being abuse physically and emotionally. Society is no longer felt peace and harmony in the country which they had resided.Gangsterisms are the social phenomenon which occurs widely among teenagers in our country. With the rapid increase of this problem, gangsterisms can give a lot of negative impact towards individual, family, and society. In term of individual, student who involves themselves with gangsterism will face bad consequences in their life including having a dark future. Thus, their future might be threatened due to the result of their behavior. Most probably they will be detained because somehow they able to create chaotic scene in their surrounding. This will also affect their life as they unable to perform their study in higher level and they might spend their teenage years in juvenile school or rehabilitation centre. On the contrary, those with a bright future able to continue their study while they had wasting their precious life in prison.
The term "sexual assault" refers to a range of behaviors that involve unwanted sexual contact, such as sexual molestation or rape. Sexual assault is extremely common. Survivors of childhood sexual assault have an increased likelihood of being assaulted again in adulthood.The experience of an attempted or completed rape can have a tremendous impact on a person's life. If you have been raped, it is important to pay attention to any subsequent changes in your thoughts or behavior, as they can greatly interfere with your ability to effectively function in different areas of your life.There is a stigma associated with rape which may further increase feelings of shame. These feelings may subside over time for some people; however, others will continue to experience some form of psychological distress for months or years.In addition, a rape survivor may developsymptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (or PTSD). For example, nightmares or intrusive thoughts and memories may occur. They might feel as though they are always in danger or need to always be on guard, and may distrust other people.
PTSD is not the only mental health disorder that may develop after a rape. It has also been found that rape survivors are at high risk for developing substance use disorders, major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders. The risk for these disorders may be greater for people who have experienced a sexual assault at a younger age.A rape can bring on a number of chronic physical conditions. For example, women who have been raped have been found to be more likely to experience chronic pelvic pain, arthritis, digestive problems, chronic pain, seizures, and more intense premenstrual symptoms. This is not surprising given that traumatic events in general (as well as the development of PTSD) are connected with the development of a number of physical health problems. It is also possible for a person to contract a sexually transmitted disease during an attempted or completed rape, leading to other physical health problems.
As for conclusion,everyone in Malaysia should be taking part in preventing these problems from spreading continuously.As for students, friends are most important supporter to the youth. They meet their friends almost every day at school and often go out with them. Regarding this phase, the teenagers prefer to share their problems, hobbies, happiness and sadness with their close friends. Friends are the subjects who influence the youth in making decision, build their thinking and confidence without limits. If they are fortunate and associate themselves with good and kind friends, they will be inspired to be brilliant students.They recognize what are the good and badbehaviors.From the three factors we have discussed, we can conclude that education is the most important agenda to prevent our young generations from being manipulated by the tough situation. Parents should enlarge their knowledge and skills how to teach their children. They should monitor their children from useless or harmful activities. Love your children and develop them to be humble young generation! Therefore, education comes in two forms, informal education from parents and friends, and education from schools, where knowledge is gained especially in academic fields.
Good evening, honorable judges, teachers and friends.
I am glad to have been given this opportunity to talk to you today. The title of my speech is 'Social ills among teenagers'. A lot has been said about the deviant behavior of teenagers. Our education system, the media, teenagers themselves and their parents have been blamed. here is no need to point an accusing finger at any particular group, but keeping mum over the issue is tantamount to condoning it. Our youths are our most valuable assets. They are the future leaders of the nation. The harm has already been done and it is now up to us to undo it.
One of the main reasons why our youths go astray may be the lack of parental supervision. Nowadays, both parents go out to work. Children are left in the care of foreign maids and child-minders. As a result, they are faced with the threat of the disintegration of the family values and thus, the rising trend in social ills and crimes among teenagers. Parents should closely monitor the activities of their children and be understanding.
When parents are often too busy pursuing their own careers to spare some thought for the welfare of their children, children grow up with little religious or moral guidance. When they do not get love and attention at home, they seek attention from others who may or may not come from similar backgrounds. Thus, the social ills affecting our youth may be a reflection of a much larger problem, such as the disintegration of the family unit.
Ladies and gentlemen, the media may also play a part in the moral degradation among teenagers. Television programs which show violence and sex and glorify other negative aspects should be restricted. There should also be stricter enforcement of the ban on pornographic material.
Teenagers with little or nothing to do during their spare time usually take to the streets. Therefore, recreational facilities such as those found in sports complexes should be available to all youths. at present, existing recreational facilities seem to either be exclusively for the rich or for older people. the establishment of teen clubs and community centers, that do not charge high fees and that specially target teenagers, should be given top priority.
In conclusion, ladies and gentlemen, everyone, including religious, educational and social institutions, as well as individuals and the media, must cooperate with the authorities to combat the social ills afflicting our teenagers. It is important that people, especially youths, do not get into the rut of moral decay. There should be a thorough study of the problem before a proper strategy can be mapped out to channel our youths towards healthier lifestyles.
Thank you for your kind attention and have a nice day.